Titanium is the 10th most abundant element of the periodic system and thus more abundant than chlorine, sulfur, phosphorus, or the rest of the metals all together. Titanium is found in almost 100 different minerals, the most important ones are the three TiO2 modifications rutile, anatase, and brookite, as well as ilmenite FeTiO3, perovskite CaTiO3, and titanite CaTi(SiO4)O.
The global reserves of rutile and ilmenite (calculated as TiO2) are estimated to amount to approx. 423•106 - 600•106 tons. The largest deposits of ilmenite are located in South Africa, India, USA, Canada, Norway, Australia, Ukraine, Russia, and Kazakhstan. Rutile is most abundant in Brazil.
Titanium metal powder, for instance, is produced by subjecting titanium sponge to HDH (hydration-dehydration) treatment. This sponge can be obtained, for example, from TiCl4 by applying the well-known Kroll-process.
There are various grades of titanium metal powder and hydrides available.
The classification of Albemarle's titanium products is not governed by the chemical assay. Instead, the different grades available are regarded as performance parameters and defined by a specific interaction of physical properties.
These physical properties are primarily expressed by:
- Ignition point,
- Combustion rate,
- Ignition gain, and
- Particle size.
The information given below is intended to outline potential hazards associated with the use of zirconium, zirconium hydride, titanium, titanium hydride and Zr/Ni-alloys in powdered form.
More important, it supplies appropriate advice for secure handling and will help the reader to use our products safely.
All product information is given to the best of our knowledge and according to the present state of the art, but does not indemnify the user from his own responsibility to exclude all risks associated with application and handling himself. It is recommended that processes involving the handling of such powders are to be additionally reviewed by occupational safety specialists.
If you need any further information on this topic, please do not hesitate to contact us.
Due to the hazardous nature of metal powders and metal hydrides the requirements for safe packaging are extremely important. The choice of appropriate packaging is determined by our product knowledge and the applicable official transport regulations.
In principle, we offer different types of containers:
- Ring-pull cans used for dry products,
- Lever-lid cans suitable for dry products, with or without pre-packaging in PE bags
- Double-seamed tin cans and open-top cans (metal-clamped) suitable for dry products and as transport containers for suspended products pre-packaged in PE bottles.
Properties of Titanium Products
We supply information on the major performance parameters, which is the basis of our definition of the various grades of available zirconium and titanium metal powders and hydrides.
Please see our "Overview of Titanium Products".